Claude Lorrain re division of landscapes

02/06/16

Research Point

Look at the work of Claude Lorrain and Turner.  Write notes on how those artists divide their landscapes into foreground, middle ground and background.

landscape with brigands - claude lorrain

Landscape with Brigands 1633 by Claude Lorrain

Referring back to the illustration already used for Claude Lorrain.
Lorrain used tone and colour to great effect to achieve aerial perspective. Landscape with Brigands 1633 – Even though this is a monochrome etching, the use of tone is striking in separating the three main areas of the image.  The distant hills progressively become stronger in line and tone as they come forwards. The middle ground is more defined but less so than the foreground where all the action is, not only with the figures but with tonal values and detail on the near trees.

Lorrain predates Turner by well over a hundred years, yet Turner and his contemporaries have obviously observed and learnt from him. Turner used similar techniques in composition even though his style evolved very differently becoming a major influence on the Impressionists to come.

 

 

 

David Hockney 1937 –

23/04/14

Research Point

Look at and research different artists’ depictions of landscape. For example look at: Durer’s landscapes are some of the earliest recordings of the northern Renaissance world created. Claude Lorrain’s designed landscapes using classical proportions, the British artist Lowry’s images of industrial life. Make notes in your learning log.

David Hockney is a multi faceted artist of our time, however, as we are looking at landscapes in this part of the course, I couldn’t omit the “The Bigger Picture”. All images are photographs of pages from the official catalogue of work “David Hockney RA: A Bigger Picture” published by the Royal Academy of Arts, London. Authors: Tim Barringer, Edith Devaney, Margaret Drabble, Martin Gayford, Marco Livingsone and Xavier F Salomon – Photographic Acknowledgements contained within.

David Hockney WIP

David Hockney – work in progress on one of his massive works the for “The Bigger Picture” exhibition of 2012 RA, London

The Bigger Picture exhibition held at the Royal Academy, London in 2012 was so enjoyable and inspiring. A massive body of work that was a culmination of several years drawing and painting outdoors – even some of the larger paintings were made outside over several smaller canvasses put together as the above image shows.

The series showing the same views at different times of year or days of the week were interesting and representative of seasons and nature changing all the time.  Media ranged from oil to watercolour to prints of digital drawings made on his iPad. Hockney’s sketch books and method of working were fascinating to pour over. Spoilt for choice here are a few photographs of work that particularly caught my eye.

Garrowby Hill by David Hockney

Garrowby Hill by David Hockney 1998 Oil on Canvas

The Road to York through Siedmore by David Hockney

The Road to York through Siedmore by David Hockney 1997 Oil on Canvas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cut Trees - Timber by David Hockney

Cut Trees – Timber by David Hockney 2008, Charcoal on Paper 26×40″

Trees and Totems by David Hockney, sketchbook

Trees and Totems by David Hockney, sketchbook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The colour ranges and slightly skewed perspectives are breathtaking and charcoal drawings are detailed and full of many different mark making techniques – there is much to learn from this artist!

 

Claude Lorrain – 17th Century

23/04/14

Research Point

Look at and research different artists’ depictions of landscape. For example look at: Durer’s landscapes are some of the earliest recordings of the northern Renaissance world created. Claude Lorrain’s designed landscapes using classical proportions, the British artist Lowry’s images of industrial life. Make notes in your learning log.

The Cascades of Tivoli by Claude Lorrain

The Cascades of Tivoli by Claude Lorrain – black chalk on paper

The Cascades of Tivoli by Claude Lorrain. This is a more classical landscape – distant skies and clouds over the far hills, midground being more defined and a focal point of figures in the foreground. The foreground itself has strong contrasts of light and dark where the sun hits the ground and throws its shadows.There is a sense that this was drawn from life with the figures possibly added later.

landscape with brigands - claude lorrain

Landscape with Brigands 1633 by Claude Lorrain

Landscape with Brigands, etching laid on paper. Compositionally, the eye is drawn around this image from the dark and dominant figures across to the middle rock formations and trees, then back across to the distant hills.   It’s easy to look at and to keep looking at, it works tonally and has depth of space that the eye understands – the more you look the more you see.

Landscape at Dusk by Claude Lorrain

Landscape at Dusk by Claude Lorrain

Landscape at Dusk. A traditionally styled landscape. I particularly like the sky with its sun setting convincingly in the distance. There is a hazy mist drawing in, reflecting the last of the sun light – although there is a lot going on in the foreground I feel it is still playing a supporting role.