Research Point: Abstract Expressionists and Tachism

03 & 08/01/16

Research Point: Abstract Expressionists and Tachism

Pinterest Pin Board for this research point Abstract Expressionists and Tachism link: https://uk.pinterest.com/ginaemmett/abstract-expressionism-and-tachism/

Below is a selection from the Pin Board that caught my eye:

Hans Hartung (1904-1989)

T1989-U40, 1989 - Hans Hartung (1904–1989):

T1989-U40, 1989 – Hans Hartung

Hans Hartung at Cheim & Read:

Hans Hartung

Franz Kline (1910-1962)

Painting, 1950 by Franz Kline:

Franz Kline – 1950

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)

jackson pollock:

Jackson Pollock

The Deep by Paul Jackson Pollock:

The Deep by Jackson Pollock

Hans Hofmann (1880-1966)

Hans Hofmann (1880-1966) was a German-born American abstract expressionist painter one of the most important figures of postwar American art. Celebrated for his exuberant, color-filled canvases, and renowned as an influential teacher for generations of artists—first in his native Germany, then in New York and Provincetown—Hofmann played a pivotal role in the development of Abstract Expressionism.:

Hans Hoffman

Clyfford Still (1904 – 1980)

Clyfford Still (1904 – 1980) was an American painter, and one of the leading figures of Abstract Expressionism.:

Clyfford Still

Helen Frankenthaler (1928-2011)

Helen Frankenthaler, Haiku:

Haiku – Helen Frankenthaler

I am not going to wax lyrical about the above as it seems to me that Abstract Expressionism is a personal thing. A work either appeals or it doesn’t, the artist has a personal process to produce something that pleases them – the viewer may connect, they may not. My personal reaction is associated with colour, tone and balance – this is a more emotive form of painting and viewing, relying less on representational association. For those images that appeal to me, I want to look more and often and analysis is left at the door.

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Research Point: Examples of How Artists Applied Paint

Research Point: Examples of How Artists Applied Paint

11-13/01/16

Look at a range of painting with particular attention to the way the paint has been applied.  For example, look at the paintings of Monet, Pissarro, Cezanne, van Gogh and the Expressionist painters. Look at some twentieth century pastel paintings and make notes about the range of effects you find.

The link to my Pinterest board regarding this research:

Monet

I have seen the actual paintings on display in the Musee d'Orsay. There is a thick application of paint on these works, which is only really noticeable when standing in front of them. Strangely, the closer you look the less solid these paintings appear which goes to prove how adept Monet was at painting the effects of light. The fact that these effects change the nature of a solid, stone structure is difficult to comprehend let alone paint. The video linked to this pin is interesting to watc...

I have seen the actual paintings on display in the Musee d’Orsay. There is a thick application of paint on these works, which is only really noticeable when standing in front of them. Strangely, the closer you look the less solid these paintings appear which goes to prove how adept Monet was at painting the effects of light. The fact that these effects change the nature of a solid, stone structure is difficult to comprehend let alone paint. The video linked to this pin is interesting to watch.

Claude Monet - Water Lilies I have seen some of the large water lilly paintings by Claude Monet in the Kunsthaus, Zurich a few years ago in the exhibition, Monet's Garden. These vast canvases are mesmerising - I remember feeling I could dive into the ponds of painted water. From memory, they seemed to be layers and layers of paint to give an infinite depth to the water, not thickly applied but many layers/

Claude Monet – Water Lilies I have seen some of the large water-lilly paintings by Claude Monet in the Kunsthaus, Zürich a few years ago in the exhibition, Monet’s Garden. These vast canvases are mesmerising – I remember feeling I could dive into the ponds of painted water. From memory, they seemed to be layers and layers of paint to give an infinite depth to the water, not thickly applied but many layers.

Pissarro

Poplars, Sunset at Eragny (1894) - Camille Pissaro. Again I wish I could see this in person. The flecks of paint depicting the way light affects the colours, tones and shapes allows the image to become visible. I am unable to see whether the glimmers of white in the trees and undergrowth are additions of paint or canvas showing through, either way it makes the painting glisten in the sunset.

Poplars, Sunset at Eragny (1894) – Camille Pissarro. Again I wish I could see this in person. The flecks of paint depicting the way light affects the colours, tones and shapes allows the image to become visible. I am unable to see whether the glimmers of white in the trees and undergrowth are additions of paint or canvas showing through, either way it makes the painting glisten in the sunset.

The Boulevard Montmartre at Night, c. 1897 by Camille Pissarro It's a shame I can't see this in the flesh - the application of paint is solid yet sketchy with daubs and dabs giving the illusion of detail. The atmosphere achieved with the colours, tone and perspective is of a night time street bathed in lamp light and of a possible recent rain shower gleaming on the cobbles. Simple and complex at the same time.

The Boulevard Montmartre at Night, c. 1897 by Camille Pissarro. It’s a shame I can’t see this in the flesh – the application of paint is solid yet sketchy with daubs and dabs giving the illusion of detail. The atmosphere achieved with the colours, tone and perspective is of a night-time street bathed in lamp light and of a possible recent rain shower gleaming on the cobbles. Simple and complex at the same time.

Cezanne

Bibemus Quarry, 1898-1900. Paul Cezanne. More examples of broad brush strokes, building the shapes, colours and tones. Cezanne has also introduced some minimal dark outlining to help distinguish one object from another, a technique he often used.

Bibemus Quarry, 1898-1900. Paul Cezanne. More examples of broad brush strokes, building the shapes, colours and tones. Cezanne has also introduced some minimal dark outlining to help distinguish one object from another, a technique he often used.

Les grands arbres (1902-1904)-Paul Cézanne This painting is beautiful - it's restful, colourful and atmospheric. As I'm looking at paint application in particular, it is this aspect that has hooked me. The broad brush strokes of colour, which appear almost random, although most certainly are not, gives the impression of dappled light. The colours are not mixed but carefully placed next to each other to achieve the desired result. Wish I could do this!

Les Grands Arbres (1902-1904) Paul Cézanne This painting is beautiful – it’s restful, colourful and atmospheric. As I’m looking at paint application in particular, it is this aspect that has hooked me. The broad brush strokes of colour, which appear almost random, although most certainly are not, gives the impression of dappled light. The colours are not mixed but carefully placed next to each other to achieve the desired result. Wish I could do this!

van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh - The Starry Night, 1889 The master of mark making in my humble opinion. He could create hundreds of tiny dots, strokes, dabs and marks to build an image with life and texture with ink and bamboo pen or paint and brush. Van Gogh used directional marks to give movement to his subjects.

Vincent van Gogh – The Starry Night, 1889 The master of mark making in my humble opinion. He could create hundreds of tiny dots, strokes, dabs and marks to build an image with life and texture with ink and bamboo pen or paint and brush. Van Gogh used directional marks to give movement to his subjects.

Vincent van Gogh - Le Soleil The application of paint in this work is very thick. Again his use of mark making is very evident with thickness of the paint giving texture and depth to a simple image.

Vincent van Gogh – Le Soleil The application of paint in this work is very thick. Again his use of mark making is very evident with thickness of the paint giving texture and depth to a simple image.

Expressionist Painters

Wassily Kandinsky, Waterfall II, 1902 A strong and bold impasto painting that literally goes with the flow of the waterfall

Wassily Kandinsky, Waterfall II, 1902 A strong and bold impasto painting that literally goes with the flow of the waterfall.

wassily kandinsky Arab Cemetry Most famous for his abstract paintings - this one is more representational but his application of paint appears vibrant and stark, however on closer inspection there is a multitude of subtlety in the colours that stops the image becoming flat and much more lively.

Wassily Kandinsky Arab Cemetery Most famous for his abstract paintings – this one is more representational but his application of paint appears vibrant and stark, however on closer inspection there is a multitude of subtlety in the colours that stops the image becoming flat and much more lively.

Oskar Kokoschka (1 March 1886 – 22 February 1980) was an Austrian artist, poet and playwright best known for his intense expressionistic portraits and landscapes. Oskar Kokoschka - Melt

Oskar Kokoschka (1 March 1886 – 22 February 1980) was an Austrian artist, poet and playwright best known for his intense expressionistic portraits and landscapes. Oskar Kokoschka – Melt

Oskar Kokoschka, New York, Manhattan with Empire State Building. 1966

Oskar Kokoschka, New York, Manhattan with Empire State Building. 1966

Twentieth-Century Pastel Paintings

I found a selection of pastel paintings that range from the expressive and atmospheric landscape to highly accomplished realistic portraits. Pastel is such a versatile medium that may often be overlooked.  The mark making can be soft and blurred, layered hatching to colour mix, hard lines, sweeps of expressive colour etc. I have also seen it scratched into to increase texture, I have also used brushes with clean water to extend and strengthen colour and marks. Picasso has used pastel in conjunction with gouache to great effect.

Blatant 2012 Pastel wolf kahn pastel paintings - Google Search

Blatant 2012 Pastel by Wolf Kahn. I found this to be a really unusual pastel painting and was very refreshing – the colours are vibrant and the marks are strong and direct – blatant!

pastel painting kb kitaj - Google Search
Pastel painting KB Kitaj. There is interesting texture, smudges and strong lines in this.
Dying Life Model 1978 Pastel on paper rb kitaj pastel paintings - Google Search

Dying Life Model 1978 Pastel on paper RB Kitaj pastel paintings
I particularly like this with it’s “unfinished” appearance adding to its appeal. A combination of soft and hard edges.

Boy with Dog (1905) Pastel and Gouache on cardboard picasso pastel paintings - Google Search

Boy with Dog (1905) Pastel and Gouache on cardboard. This is a lovely, sensitive image and the opaque gouache works so well with the pastel. Again texture, subtlety and harder lines work beautifully together.

Orchard Path Pastel wolf kahn pastel paintings - Google Search

Orchard Path Pastel by Wolf Kahn. Directional marks with layered colour gives an ethereal and autumnal atmosphere to this painting.

Auction Participant Pastel Daniel Green AuctionParticipant-Dan-Greene-pastel

Auction Participant Pastel by Daniel Green. Fabulous, intense study of this man, realistic in style with a subtle nuance of colour in the flesh.

danel green pastel paintings - Google Search

Daniel Green pastel paintings